Pre-1950's educators taught us the universe was a perfect vacuum void of all substance and that gravity was attracting our atmosphere to Earth. With the invention of the GC/MS and space exploration we found the opposite to be true. In fact we discovered all space was occupied with gas and/or matter and the behavior of gas proves that a light gas will compress heavier gases. This is played out every day in the chemical industry where Nitrogen gas is used to compress ("blanket") heavier gases. It's evident in nature with our atmosphere of Oxygen & Nitrogen being compressed by the Helium, Hydrogen, Lithium, Etc. gases contained in interplanetary space surrounding us. Earth and it's atmosphere are submerged in an ocean of lighter expanding gases compressing our atmospheric gases thus making it impossible for our atmosphere to escape or even expand. The problem is that very few people have been taught post-1950's physics and the "powers to be" are not sharing post-50's information. What can be done to bring physics into the 21st century?
The accretion theory and all its misconceived variations, positing gas and dust gravitationally attracted and became our solar system, are having serious difficulties proving their basic concepts and are flagrantly violating the laws of physics, trying to explain the improvable. Accretion is a failed and rehashed theory of the Cartesian hypothesis, which was conceived by Reno Descartes (1644) and was successively mimicked by Swedenborg, Kant, Laplace, Chamberlain and Moulton, Carl von Weizsäcker, Whipple, Kuiper, Safronoff, the astronomy elite, and by the astronomy establishment. The 'new' rewrite of the same old theory was titled 'The Accretion Theory' and was finally accepted by the IAU for unknown reasons. The same unanswerable questions and improvable scenarios remain as they have for the past 350 years. The absence of proof or logical answers implies a more fundamental theory exists, namely fission. The fission hypothesis was first introduced by George Gamow and then Alpher, Herman, Sir Oliver Lodge, Sir James Jeans, Fred Hoyle, Hermann Bondi, Thomas Gold, and Hannes Alfven. They all believed the universe or solar system started from an explosion. The AP theory logically explains how bare nuclei collided and produced enough energy to start a fission process. The collision was caused from extreme heat coupled with a tremendous internal atomic explosion. This caused the unstable atoms to (split) separate from solid to liquid and then into their subatomic form. The final result of the molten 'splash' from fission was atomic energy, which culminated with the compounding (fusion) of unstable subatomic molecules in a frozen environment to cause the formation of water and our solar system from material produced and provided by our Sun. Here are some of the unanswered accretion questions:
(1) The laws of physics clearly state gas is molecularly structured to expand indefi nitely. How can gas be attracted by gravity or condense into solid particles?
(2) Why weren't the 'rotating discs' thrown out into space instead of accreting?
(3) How could Venus's and our moon's surfaces have been formed all at the same time 4.5 billion years ago?
(4) Why do Venus, Uranus, and one-third of the moon's spin in a direction opposite to the others?
(5) What useful information is available on the specific solid-state processes at work in the accretion phase?
(6) How was the planetary matter separated from the solar gases?
(7) How did the collapsing cloud cross the thermal angular, and momentum barriers?
(8) What were the mechanics of condensation and accretion?
(9) Where did our water and atmosphere come from?
(10) Where did the gravity originate in the first place to start the accretion process?
(11) Objects move very slowly as they get further from the Sun, the Kuiper belt, and beyond would take longer than 4.5 billion years to accrete. How is that explained?
(12) Why couldn't Uranus and Neptune, or beyond, be formed by using the latest computer simulations for accretion?
These questions and many other quantum gravity and accretion issues have never successfully been proven or addressed.
Our Sun is located in the Milky Way Galaxy, one of millions of galaxies comprising the universe. Our galaxy is made up of billions of high inclination inner “halo” type stars and rotating outer stars spanning 100,000 light years in diameter with a mass of 10 to the 11th power times greater than the Sun’s. These distances were determined by Doppler shifts in the 21-centimeter radio emission line.